The Third Pakistan
The classic history of Pakistan suggests that it was a part of the British Empire, prior to its independence. This so-called potent, apparently magnificent realm had made its subjects, the varied and divided Indians in the late eighteenth century. Nevertheless, 15th of August 1947 marked the Independence Day for the Indians and more importantly, the partition of India into two separate states, namely the much substantial India and the relatively compact and geographically divided Pakistan. The Independence Day, which turned out to be a nightmare in the sub-continental history, led to the creation of two Pakistans which were referred as the two wings of Pakistan instead. All this was an aftermath of the ambiguous and off-spirit Radcliffe Award and the British mismanagement. Hundreds and thousands casualties manifested how gruesome the most delightful day was. The chief clash amid the newly formed states, India and Pakistan, was the ‘Kashmir Issue’, for which the former rulers were accountable. Irrespective of the severity of the dispute, the British was certainly proficient of enforcing an unprejudiced and unbiased solution to the rift. Of course, if the British were stable and powerful enough to run colonies and participate in World Wars, the Kashmir Issue must have been a piece of cake for them to sort out. But their activity of sidelining the matter manifested that it was a planned conspiracy and was to keep the two nations busy in fighting.
Tussles and unrest commenced in Kashmir from the very first day of the independent sub-continent and with the passage of time, the heat of the situation in Kashmir persisted to surge. India’s occupation of Kashmir was illegal as the will of its residents displayed and fear dominated the Indian minds, when a referendum was verbalised. Wasn’t this notion pretty transparent, as India was well aware of losing Kashmir in the case of a plebiscite?
Implicitly, all that mentioned above demonstrates the hostility of the Hindus towards the Muslims, of which Pakistan was probably an immediate consequence. As the Congress Rule in the late 1930’s made it overt that the Hindu-Muslim unity was a virtual reality. Instead of seeking lessons from the catastrophic impacts of regional disunity, the Hindus continued to plot against the Muslims and a major spike in the matter of unity portrayed itself in the shape of 1965, Indo-Pak war. India deceivingly attacked Pakistan’s Lahore, after which Pakistan effective safeguarded itself, consequently routing the Indians.
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